University of California, Berkeley, CA                                                                  1950
Ph.D. in Botany
Dissertation: “Serpentine ecology and evolution”
Honors: Dissertation passed “with Distinction”

Stanford University, Stanford, CA                                                                         1942
World War II intervened

University of Colorado, Boulder, CO                                                                     1944
Naval Language School

Occidental College, Los Angeles, CA                                                                     1941
Bachelor of Arts in Botany
Areas of Concentration: Local flora and ornamental plants for gardens
Minor: Spanish
Honors: Phi Beta Kappa Initiate